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Mithraeum

The Mithraeum in Rožanec is one of the most attractive archaeological monuments in Slovenia. The ambient of the temple in the forest od Judovje above Rožanec only adds to the mysticism of the cult of Mithra. The carvings were carved on the rock of an abandoned rock quarry active in antiquity near the end of the 2nd century.

Mithraeum sometimes spelled Mithreum, is a large or small Mithraic temple, erected in classical antiquity by the worshippers of Mithras. Most Mithraea can be dated between 100 B.C. and A.D. 300, mostly in the Roman Empire. It is a religion that is founded on a cyclic exchange of life and death, the struggle between good and evil and the power of salvation through sacrifice. Archaeological digs have shown that the original level of the entire room was about 75 cm lower that it is today, the remains of firewood show that fire was used in rituals.

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What to do

  • Info panels are available to learning more about Mithraism.

  • acidic rain, mosses  and lichens are slowly dissolving the monument,

  • copy of the temple was made in 1953 and is stored in the Belokrajina’s museum in Metlika, 

  • You can walk to the temple,

  • take photos and walk around, 

  • please respect the signs and instructions to preserve this site for future generations.

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Where to discover

The Mithraeum temple si located behind Rožanec village. To get to the site, look for the road sign that says Rožanec on the main Črmošnjice-Črnomelj road. Head towards the village. Drive strait through the village to the railroad crossing. BE CAREFUL WHEN CROSSING THE RAILROAD. After you cross drive another 100 meters, you will see the sign that says Mitrej. Park there and walk up the path. In another 100 meters you will see the temple site.